1988 - Park Scientific
Instruments (PSI) founded in Palo Alto, CA, USA.
1989 - Universal,
the world's first commercial AFM, introduced.
1992 - Introduction
of Closed-Loop Scanner
1993 - CP, the
best selling commercial AFM, introduced.
1997 - PSI acquired
by Thermo Spectra.
PSIA founded in strategic alliance
with Thermo Spectra to develop next generation AFM.
1998 - Veeco acquisition
of Digital Instruments.
1999 - Thermo
Spectra acquisition of TopoMetrix and merger with
PSI into Thermo Microscopes.
2001 - Veeco acquisition
of Thermo Microscopes.
2002 - Alliance
between PSIA and Thermo Microscopes terminated.
of Crosstalk Eliminated (XE) AFM for flat and linear
XY scan with decoupled XY and Z scanners
PSIA's flagship next generation AFM, introduced
2003 - XE-150,
XE-AFM with full 150mm traveling stage, introduced.
2004 - Introduction
of True Non-Contact Mode for non-destructive sample
2006 - XE-PTR,
automated industrial AFM for metrology of read/write
2007 - PSIA renamed
2008 - XE-3DM,
new 3D AFM for high resolution 3D metrology, introduced
2009 - XE-Bio,
new bio AFM for live cell imaging with Ion Conductance
Microscopy (ICM), introduced
automatic defect review AFM for hard disk media
and substrates, introduced
2011 - NX10, the flagship AFM of a new product line with True Sample TopographyTM, introduced